The most important part of the Northern England must be said to be the mining culture. The mining culture had a huge impact on the economy and society of Northern England, but today it is completely vanished.

In 1913, the Northern England’s coal mining sector employed 1/4 million men, produced over 56 million tons of coal every year and consisted of about 400 pits. This was the peak of coal mining in Northern England. A lot of communities were depending on the coal mining industry, for example Seaham Harbour, Easington Village and Bedlington. All houses were built close to the pits and almost every man in the community was employed in coal mining industry. Though, the coal mining profession was highly dangerous and the working conditions were terrible. When working, explosions, fires and roof fails could occur, making the miners’ work highly dangerous. The danger can be seen in the West Stanley pit disaster in 1909, where 160 men were killed.



In the 1940s the working conditions were improved, but from the 1950s to the 1970s, a lot of the mines were closed down and when Margaret Thatcher came to power in the 1980s she planned to close around 20 coal pits, which lead to a lot of miners striking. This created a lot of publicity and fights between the miners and the government. Though, Margaret Thatcher and the government more or less won in the end.

Today, mining is no longer a huge part of the Northern England’s society, but it will always be an important part of its history.




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